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notespowershell

Notes powershell training

cvs geen header

export-csv filename -notype

hernoemen property

@{label="computername"; expression={$_.name}}

simpele commandos

PS D:\adminshf> Get-Module
 
ModuleType Name                      ExportedCommands
---------- ----                      ----------------
Manifest   DataONTAP                 {Clear-NaFcpPortNameAlias, Get-NcVolLanguage, Get-NaFlashDevice, Set-NaF...
 
 
PS D:\adminshf> get-psdrive
 
Name           Used (GB)     Free (GB) Provider      Root                                               CurrentLocation
----           ---------     --------- --------      ----                                               ---------------
A                                      FileSystem    A:\
Alias                                  Alias
C                  13.91         15.99 FileSystem    C:\                                                 Users\adminshf
cert                                   Certificate   \
D                   3.02          6.97 FileSystem    D:\                                                       adminshf
E                                      FileSystem    E:\
Env                                    Environment
Function                               Function
HKCU                                   Registry      HKEY_CURRENT_USER
HKLM                                   Registry      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
I                   4.07          3.93 FileSystem    I:\
Variable                               Variable
WSMan                                  WSMan

functie met help

 
Function Optellen
{
param ($x, $y)
$Ans = $x + $y
Write-Host “Het antwoord is $Ans”
 
<#  
.SYNOPSIS  
    Een zeer nuttige funktie
.DESCRIPTION  
    Dit script telt 2 waardes bij elkaar op
.NOTES  
    File Name  : optellen.ps1
    Author     : Roel Slob 
    Requires   : PowerShell V2 CTP3  
.LINK  
   http://ThePowershellGuru.org
.EXAMPLE
   Optellen 1 2
#>
 
 
}
 
met params 
$var = $(throw "enter variable"),
 
kan je de variable vereist maken met een foutmelding (enter variabele):
 
{
param (
 $x = $(throw "geef variable op"), 
 $y)
$Ans = $x + $y
Write-Host “Het antwoord is $Ans”
 
<#  
.SYNOPSIS  
    Een zeer nuttige funktie
.DESCRIPTION  
    Dit script telt 2 waardes bij elkaar op
.NOTES  
    File Name  : optellen.ps1
    Author     : Roel Slob 
    Requires   : PowerShell V2 CTP3  
.LINK  
   http://ThePowershellGuru.org
.EXAMPLE
   Optellen 1 2
#>
 
 
}

uitvoeren geeft dan

PS C:\Users\adminshf> optellen
geef variable op
At C:\Users\adminshf\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Microsoft.PowerShell_profile.ps1:6 char:14
+  $x = $(throw <<<<  "geef variable op"),
    + CategoryInfo          : OperationStopped: (geef variable op:String) [], RuntimeException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : geef variable op
 
PS C:\Users\adminshf> optellen 1 2
Het antwoord is 3
PS C:\Users\adminshf> optellen 1
Het antwoord is 1
PS C:\Users\adminshf> get-help optellen
 
NAME
    Optellen
 
SYNOPSIS
    Een zeer nuttige funktie
 
 
SYNTAX
    Optellen [[-x] <Object>] [[-y] <Object>] [<CommonParameters>]
 
 
DESCRIPTION
    Dit script telt 2 waardes bij elkaar op
 
 
RELATED LINKS
     http://ThePowershellGuru.org
 
REMARKS
    To see the examples, type: "get-help Optellen -examples".
    For more information, type: "get-help Optellen -detailed".
    For technical information, type: "get-help Optellen -full".

global variable

kan ook in funcvties worden gezet

PS C:\Users\adminshf> $global:a = 12

Geldt dan ook voor omhoog, in plaats van alleen naar beneden

of voor in een script

PS C:\Users\adminshf> $script:a = 12

see last error

PS C:\Users\adminshf> $error[0]
The term 'inquire' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable program. Check the spe
lling of the name, or if a path was included, verify that the path is correct and try again.
At line:1 char:27
+ $debugpreference = inquire <<<<
    + CategoryInfo          : ObjectNotFound: (inquire:String) [], CommandNotFoundException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : CommandNotFoundException

foutmeldingen geven

PS C:\Users\adminshf> get-help about_preference_variables > notepad
PS C:\Users\adminshf> get-help about_preference_variables > c:\temp\var.txt
PS C:\Users\adminshf> $debugpreference
SilentlyContinue
PS C:\Users\adminshf> $debugpreference = "inquire"
PS C:\Users\adminshf> $debugpreference
Inquire

let op

$ErrorActionPreference

profile

PS C:\Users\adminshf> $host
 
 
Name             : ConsoleHost
Version          : 2.0
InstanceId       : 2a2054e0-7fa3-4c3a-9ffd-5a33917a61fb
UI               : System.Management.Automation.Internal.Host.InternalHostUserInterface
CurrentCulture   : en-US
CurrentUICulture : en-US
PrivateData      : Microsoft.PowerShell.ConsoleHost+ConsoleColorProxy
IsRunspacePushed : False
Runspace         : System.Management.Automation.Runspaces.LocalRunspace
 
 
 
PS C:\Users\adminshf> $host.privatedata
 
 
ErrorForegroundColor    : Red
ErrorBackgroundColor    : Black
WarningForegroundColor  : Yellow
WarningBackgroundColor  : Black
DebugForegroundColor    : Yellow
DebugBackgroundColor    : Black
VerboseForegroundColor  : Yellow
VerboseBackgroundColor  : Black
ProgressForegroundColor : Yellow
ProgressBackgroundColor : DarkCyan
 
 
 
PS C:\Users\adminshf> $host.privatedata.errorforegroundcolor
Red
PS C:\Users\adminshf> $host.privatedata.errorforegroundcolor = yellow
The term 'yellow' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable program. Check the spel
ling of the name, or if a path was included, verify that the path is correct and try again.
At line:1 char:48
+ $host.privatedata.errorforegroundcolor = yellow <<<<
    + CategoryInfo          : ObjectNotFound: (yellow:String) [], CommandNotFoundException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : CommandNotFoundException
 
PS C:\Users\adminshf> $host.privatedata.errorforegroundcolor = "yellow"
PS C:\Users\adminshf> $host.privatedata.errorforegroundcolor = yellow
The term 'yellow' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable program. Check the spel
ling of the name, or if a path was included, verify that the path is correct and try again.
At line:1 char:48
+ $host.privatedata.errorforegroundcolor = yellow <<<<
    + CategoryInfo          : ObjectNotFound: (yellow:String) [], CommandNotFoundException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : CommandNotFoundException

De regel

$host.privatedata.errorforegroundcolor = "yellow"

kan je opnemen in het $profile om het standaard te laten werken.

copy C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\Examples profile.ps1 naar dezelfde directory als de powershell executable.

calender

haakjes

PS C:\Users\adminshf> get-host
 
 
Name             : ConsoleHost
Version          : 2.0
InstanceId       : ee2323b0-c492-48e2-9daa-015f85180053
UI               : System.Management.Automation.Internal.Host.InternalHostUserInterface
CurrentCulture   : en-US
CurrentUICulture : en-US
PrivateData      : Microsoft.PowerShell.ConsoleHost+ConsoleColorProxy
IsRunspacePushed : False
Runspace         : System.Management.Automation.Runspaces.LocalRunspace
 
 
 
PS C:\Users\adminshf> (get-host).name
ConsoleHost

Cmdlets vinden

PS C:\Users\adminshf> get-command -noun *event*
 
CommandType     Name                                                Definition
-----------     ----                                                ----------
Cmdlet          Clear-EventLog                                      Clear-EventLog [-LogName] <String[]> [[-Computer.
Cmdlet          Get-Event                                           Get-Event [[-SourceIdentifier] <String>] [-Verbo.
Cmdlet          Get-EventLog                                        Get-EventLog [-LogName] <String> [[-InstanceId] .
Cmdlet          Get-EventSubscriber                                 Get-EventSubscriber [[-SourceIdentifier] <String.
Cmdlet          Get-WinEvent                                        Get-WinEvent [[-LogName] <String[]>] [-MaxEvents.
Cmdlet          Limit-EventLog                                      Limit-EventLog [-LogName] <String[]> [-ComputerN.
Cmdlet          New-Event                                           New-Event [-SourceIdentifier] <String> [[-Sender.
Cmdlet          New-EventLog                                        New-EventLog [-LogName] <String> [-Source] <Stri.
Cmdlet          Register-EngineEvent                                Register-EngineEvent [-SourceIdentifier] <String.
Cmdlet          Register-ObjectEvent                                Register-ObjectEvent [-InputObject] <PSObject> [.
Cmdlet          Register-WmiEvent                                   Register-WmiEvent [-Class] <String> [[-SourceIde.
Cmdlet          Remove-Event                                        Remove-Event [-SourceIdentifier] <String> [-Verb.
Cmdlet          Remove-EventLog                                     Remove-EventLog [-LogName] <String[]> [[-Compute.
Cmdlet          Show-EventLog                                       Show-EventLog [[-ComputerName] <String>] [-Verbo.
Cmdlet          Unregister-Event                                    Unregister-Event [-SourceIdentifier] <String> [-.
Cmdlet          Wait-Event                                          Wait-Event [[-SourceIdentifier] <String>] [-Time.
Cmdlet          Write-EventLog                                      Write-EventLog [-LogName] <String> [-Source] <St.

get-member

PS C:\Users\adminshf> $a | get-member
 
 
   TypeName: System.Int32
 
Name        MemberType Definition
----        ---------- ----------
CompareTo   Method     int CompareTo(System.Object value), int CompareTo(int value)
Equals      Method     bool Equals(System.Object obj), bool Equals(int obj)
GetHashCode Method     int GetHashCode()
GetType     Method     type GetType()
GetTypeCode Method     System.TypeCode GetTypeCode()
ToString    Method     string ToString(), string ToString(string format), string ToString(System.IFormatProvider pro...
PS C:\Users\adminshf> Get-EventLog -logname system -newest 5
 
   Index Time          EntryType   Source                 InstanceID Message
   ----- ----          ---------   ------                 ---------- -------
    5270 May 07 13:51  Information Service Control M...   1073748860 The Software Protection service entered the stopped state.
    5269 May 07 13:46  Information Service Control M...   1073748860 The Portable Device Enumerator Service service entered the stopped state.
    5268 May 07 13:44  Information Service Control M...   1073748860 The Software Protection service entered the running state.
    5267 May 07 13:44  Information Service Control M...   1073748860 The Portable Device Enumerator Service service entered the running state.
    5266 May 07 13:44  Information Microsoft-Windows...         1503 The Group Policy settings for the user were processed successfully. New settings from 1 Group Policy objects were detec

get-maximum

PS C:\Users\adminshf> get-process | Measure-Object -maximum -property id
 
 
Count    : 118
Average  :
Sum      :
Maximum  : 6120
Minimum  :
Property : Id
 
 
 
PS C:\Users\adminshf> (get-process | Measure-Object -maximum -property id).maximum
6120
PS C:\Users\adminshf> (get-process | Measure-Object -maximum -property id).maximum | get-member
 
 
   TypeName: System.Double
 
Name        MemberType Definition
----        ---------- ----------
CompareTo   Method     int CompareTo(System.Object value), int CompareTo(double value)
Equals      Method     bool Equals(System.Object obj), bool Equals(double obj)
GetHashCode Method     int GetHashCode()
GetType     Method     type GetType()
GetTypeCode Method     System.TypeCode GetTypeCode()
ToString    Method     string ToString(), string ToString(string format), string ToString(System.IFormatProvider provider), string ToString(string format, System.IFormatProvider provider)
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notespowershell.txt · Last modified: 2013/05/14 20:20 by sjoerd