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powerclimd5hash

PowerCLI - Use MD5 Hashing

This also can be used in regular powershell of course, but this is a short howto on using MD5 hashing in powercli scripts. It is based on this script from WinTellect.

First step is to create the Get-Hash.psm1 file. This can be a regular textfile and should contain the following lines:

<#
.SYNOPSIS
    Gets the hash value
 
.DESCRIPTION
    Gets the hash value of a file or string
    It uses System.Security.Cryptography.HashAlgorithm (http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.security.cryptography.hashalgorithm.aspx)
    and FileStream Class (http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.io.filestream.aspx)
 
    Written by Josep Martínez Vilà: http://dbadailystuff.com/2013/03/11/get-hash-a-powershell-hash-function/
    Based on: http://blog.brianhartsock.com/2008/12/13/using-powershell-for-md5-checksums/ and some ideas on Microsoft Online Help
 
.PARAMETER File
    File to get the hash from.
 
.PARAMETER Text
    Text string to get the hash from
 
.PARAMETER Algorithm
    Type of hash algorithm to use. Default is SHA1
 
.EXAMPLE
    C:\PS> Get-Hash "myFile.txt"
    Gets the SHA1 from myFile.txt file. When there's no explicit parameter, it uses -File
 
.EXAMPLE    
    Get-Hash -File "C:\temp\myFile.txt"
    Gets the SHA1 from myFile.txt file
 
.EXAMPLE
    C:\PS> Get-Hash -Algorithm "MD5" -Text "Hello Wold!" 
    Gets the MD5 from a string
 
.EXAMPLE
    C:\PS> "Hello Wold!" | Get-Hash
    We can pass a string throught the pipeline    
#>
function Get-Hash
{
    Param
    (
        [parameter(Mandatory=$true, ValueFromPipeline=$true, ParameterSetName="set1")]
        [String]
        $text,
        [parameter(Position=0, Mandatory=$true, ValueFromPipeline=$false, ParameterSetName="set2")]
        [String]
        $file = "",
        [parameter(Mandatory=$false, ValueFromPipeline=$false)]
        [ValidateSet("MD5", "SHA", "SHA1", "SHA-256", "SHA-384", "SHA-512")]
        [String]
        $algorithm = "SHA1"
    )
 
    Begin
    {
        $hashAlgorithm = [System.Security.Cryptography.HashAlgorithm]::Create($algorithm)
    }
     Process
     {
        $md5StringBuilder = New-Object System.Text.StringBuilder 50
        $ue = New-Object System.Text.UTF8Encoding 
 
        if ($file){
            try {
                if (!(Test-Path $file)){
                    throw "Test-Path returned false."
                }
            }
            catch {
                throw "Get-Hash - File not found or without permisions: [$file]. $_"
            } 
 
            try {        
                [System.IO.FileStream]$fileStream = [System.IO.File]::Open($file, [System.IO.FileMode]::Open);
                $hashAlgorithm.ComputeHash($fileStream) | % { [void] $md5StringBuilder.Append($_.ToString("x2")) }
            }
            catch {
                throw "Get-Hash - Error reading or hashing the file: [$file]"
            } 
            finally {
                $fileStream.Close()
                $fileStream.Dispose()
            }
        }
        else {
            $hashAlgorithm.ComputeHash($ue.GetBytes($text)) | % { [void] $md5StringBuilder.Append($_.ToString("x2")) }
        }
 
        return $md5StringBuilder.ToString()
    }
}

Now you can use it in your script by first importing the script as a module:

# Add Get-Hash function
Import-Module g:\scripts\get-hash.psm1

Now you can create a string, for example based on the VM name with an extra string:

$stringtohash = $vm.toUpper() + "-go4shift"
$guestpw = (Get-Hash -Algorithm "MD5" -text $stringtohash)

or like this to add extra parameters after hashing:

$guestpw = (Get-Hash -Algorithm "MD5" -text $stringtohash) + "!!!"

Now you can use the password like you would normally do, for example when using the Copy-VMGuestFile commandlet:

Copy-VMGuestFile -Source $scriptlocation\$script -Destination $guestdir -Force -VM $vm -LocalToGuest -HostUser root -HostPassword $hostpw -GuestUser Administrator -GuestPassword $guestpw
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powerclimd5hash.txt · Last modified: 2014/09/23 13:29 by sjoerd